The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has always been keen on combatting corruption. There are a number of royal decrees and laws that have been issued in this regard to ensure the consistency, continuity and precision of combatting and preventing corruption in the kingdom. Here are some of the enforced laws in the kingdom:
1) Anti-Bribery Law dated 30/06/1992
Includes who a venal person is and the penalties for bribery, which consists of:
• Criminalization of certain acts related to the work of an employee who is deemed to be a public official in applying the provisions of this Law
• Penalty for the bribe giver whose bribe was not accepted.
• Penalties for the bribe giver, the broker and the partner.
• Subsequent penalties.
• Cases exempted from penalties
• The reward for the person who reports one of these crimes.
• Some of the penalties for an institution or company whose manager or employee is convicted of such a crime.
2) The Anti-Money Laundering Law Dated 25/10/2017
The Law defines the meaning of money laundering, what is meant by money, the predicate offense, and a number of definitions with regard to the first article of this law. It also explains who is a perpetrator of a money laundering crime and stipulates the penalties for that. Moreover, it includes a separate chapter on preventive measures to combat money laundering and the role of government entities in organizing and applying the law.
3) The Royal Decree No.43 17/06/1958
- The decree covers the criminalization of abuse of power and penalties for exploiting the public office influence for personal interests. It also incriminates the public official to work in trade or to be self-employed in another job without legal permission and stipulates the penalties for that. As well as prohibiting a public official from accepting gifts and gratuities from others, with the intent to tempt him/her for their mutual personal interest; the criminalization of embezzlement, exploitation of contracts, and tampering with purchase orders for personal interest; or abuse of power or coercion in the workplace and stipulates the penalties for that.
4) The Royal Decree Dated 05/05/2018
This order puts the utmost importance to the protection of whistleblowers in corruption cases. It ensures the protection of individuals who reported on financial or administrative corruption from mistreatment, retaliation, or violations to their rights or privileges.