In a recent study conducted by the National Anti-Corruption Commission (Nazaha) entitled "Financial and administrative Corruption in government providing services entities". It surveyed (1254) of public employees and service benefiters in three regions in the kingdom: Riyadh region, Eastern region and Makkah region.
This study aimed to measure integrity levels, financial and administrative corruption in government providing services entities, and identify corruption types and how spread it is. In addition, identify the main reasons that helped corruption to spread in government providing services entities and to pinpoint the most important challenges facing the Saudi society, and asses the quality of services provided by some government entities.
The study showed that corruption is among the most prominent issues for society along with drugs, terrorism, housing, unemployment, and poverty.
The study also showed that nepotism is the most prominent in the public services sector by (62.91%) from the participants. Indifference comes in second place by a percentage of (19.36%), and then bribery, while embezzlement and forgery come in the bottom of the list.
The study stated that lack of moral values and weakness in religious beliefs is one of the most prominent reasons for corruption in the public providing services entities, followed by weak regulatory and judicial performance, the outdated and complex administrative and financial regulations, and the absence of transparency. The social acceptance of some aspects of corruption received the lowest percentage.
(29.04%) of the study participants think that corrupt practices occur in middle management levels, where most of the executive and administrative operations are done. Whereas (22.85%) think that financial and administrative irregularities occur in the upper levels of management. Few of the participants think that corruption occurs in low administrative levels.
The study pointed out that (39.20%) of the participants think that recently corruption has declined gradually, whereas (19.68%) think that it has risen. (19.92%) think that it didn’t change.
The study gave a number of recommendations, including, serious reconsideration in the appropriate procedures to reduce the phenomenon of nepotism. It also stressed on the need to increase awareness campaigns. The study also stressed on the reconsideration of financial and administrative corruption punishments. Many of the answers were supporting the high financial punishments. It also recommended to encourage public providing entities to activate e-government to facilitate procedures and the speed of service, and to encourage them also to do annual surveys to identify the weak points.
The results of this study agree in a large way with the results of the study Nazaha did in 2014 in cooperation with king Abdullah institute for research and consulting studies at King Saud University.
It is worth mentioning that Nazaha conducts from time to time studies in the field of protecting integrity and fighting corruption. In accordance to what was stated in the national strategy of maintain integrity and fighting corruption and to achieve the goals of the commission in conducting studies and researches in the field of protecting integrity and fighting corruption.